Summary: Colicky formula-fed baby? You now have DNA proof that a colicky formula-fed infant needs HELP. Every parent having an infant with colic needs to read this post. Current new parents are fortunate because you can do something about your baby’s colic. Take this Oct. 2016 study to your pediatrician and push for an answer because a baby’s colic formula fed microbiome is very different compared to that of formula-fed infants that do not have colic. A SUPER EASY answer, may be a probiotic. Talk with your doctor. This post links to the infant colic microbiome studies as well as the studies looking at safety of probiotics in infants having colic. Parents of children that had colic as infants, noodle around the implications of an altered microbiome for your child. Think about implementing the American Gut findings for the factors that optimize the microbiome as a good place to start.
SUMMARY: Learn the long term health ramifications associated with C-Section birth. “Microbirth” information every parent needs to view.
“Microbirth“ is a new 60 minute documentary investigating the latest scientific research about the microscopic events happening during childbirth. As this Press Release explains, latest research is starting to indicate modern birth practices could be interfering with critical biological processes. From the changes that occur in the human pregnant vaginal microbiome to that microbiome which actually inoculates the baby, be it via C-section or vagina birth, these events are now showing to have associated consequences for the health of the child and such could have life-long consequences making our children more susceptible to disease later in life:
There has been a lot of recent discussion about BPA, especially as it affects infants. Now we see for the first time, that low dose BPA perinatal exposure is associated with food intolerance, specifically the egg white protein, at least for rats. Remember the alternative, BPS, is even less studied and some say it is worse than BPA.
This January 2014 study, showed that BPA is in both breast milk and newborn and infant urines regardless if breastfed or formula fed. “RESULTS: Total BPA was detected in 93 % of urine samples in this healthy infant population aged 3-15 months who were without known environmental exposure to BPA . Similarly, 75 % of the mothers’ breast milk samples had detectable concentrations of total BPA.”
Summary: Newborn microbiome differs by mode of delivery and feeding. Newborn C-section microbiome: Swabbing C-section babies partially restores the newborn microbiome.
First, a quick refresher of “How we acquire our gut microbiome.“
Our gut microbiome is acquired at birth, though this is by no means a simple answer. The post “Newborn Gut Microbiome Begins at Birth” details many differences between the newborn gut microbiome due to mode of delivery (vaginal versus C-Section) as well as feeding (breast-fed versus formula-fed). The figure below extends this and shows the recent findings that the developing microbiome is shaped not only by delivery and feeding mode, but that antibiotics, probiotics, and environmental exposures also interact and develops the newborn’s microbiome and resultant immune system.
How and When does the newborn gut microbiome begin? What constitutes an “ideal” microbiome is not yet clear: it is not simply a matter of diversity, stability or even function. This summary report (dated Sept 2013 and written by the Program Director of the Human Microbiome Project (HMP)), Lita M. Proctor, describes that the microbiome is:
- Dynamic over lifetime changing with respect to both the numbers of microbes and their membership (see below slide),
- Composed of a collection of bacteria/fungi/viruses unique to each individual,
- Unique at each region of our body as it has its own distinct community of microbes living on or in it,
- Impacted by our daily activities (bathing/washing hands/eating probiotics),
- Susceptible to disturbances resulting from use of antibiotics at sublethal dosages.
Studies have shown that our microbiota can be modified — perhaps irreversibly in some instances — by medical, dietary and hygienic practices. Infant microbial colonization is affected by delivery mode, dietary exposures, antibiotic exposure, and environmental toxicants, many of which can be eliminated or moderated.